SAP Service Order Process

Advertisement

SAP Service Order ProcessWelcome to our tutorial on the SAP service order process, offered as part of our free SAP SD training course. The SAP Sales & Distribution module allows a company to record sales of services in the system. Services may be offered alone, as an add-on to a product, or as an after-sale service package. The method for recording the service is known as the SAP service order process. In this tutorial, we offer a deep dive in the recording and managing of this process.

To illustrate service orders, we will walk through the full order to cash cycle as it relates to the SAP service order process. This includes the following steps:

  1. Create Service Material Master
  2. Create Service Price Condition
  3. Process Sales Order
  4. Execute Billing

Create Service Material Master

For our example, let’s imagine that we are going to offer a repair service to a customer for a previously purchased product. To initiate the SAP service order process, we must first create a service material master record which is not relevant for delivery. Sale of services will, by nature, not require delivery as services are intangible.

Menu path Logistics > Sales and Distribution > Master Data > Products > Material > Other Material > Create
Transaction code MM01 – Create

In the initial screen of transaction code MM01, select a service-related industry sector and material type. In our example, we selected the industry sector 3 – Service Provider and the material type DIEN – Service, as shown below:

Create Material Initial Screen
Create Material Initial Screen

Press Enter and select the relevant views for this material.

Select Material Views
Select Material Views

Press Enter again and enter the appropriate organizational levels for this material.

Enter Material Organizational Levels
Enter Material Organizational Levels

Press Enter once more to proceed with creating the material master record. Enter the required master data fields, taking care to include the following information:

  1. Description of the service
  2. Base unit of measure as Hours or other service-relevant unit on the Basic data 1, Sales: sales org. 1, and Sales: General/Plant tabs
  3. Item category group as LEIS – Service or delivery on the Basic data 1 and Sales: sales org. 2 tabs
Enter Material Data
Enter Material Data

Once all data is entered, hit Enter then Save . The material will be saved with a confirmation message:

Advertisement

Create Service Price Condition

Next we maintain the pricing relevant to the service in the pricing condition master record.

Menu path Logistics > Sales and Distribution > Master Data > Conditions > Select Using Condition Type > Create
Transaction code VK11 – Create

On the initial screen of transaction code VK11 enter the standard price condition type PR00. Hit Enter to continue. Select the radial button next to the key combination that relates to the way you want to maintain the condition record. These combinations are customizable. In our example, we have selected Customer/material with release status as shown below:

Create Condition Initial Screen
Create Condition Initial Screen

Press Enter to create the service condition record. Enter the following information:

  1. Sales organization
  2. Distribution channel
  3. Customer
  4. Service material created previously as line item
  5. Hourly rate or rate per service unit
  6. Validity dates for price of service
Create Service Pricing Condition
Create Service Pricing Condition

Hit Save . The pricing condition will be saved with a confirmation message:

Process Sales Order

Now you are ready to post the sales order as the next step in the SAP service order process. Execute transaction code VA01. On the initial screen, enter your chosen order type. In our example, we use ZDEM as demonstrated below:

Create Sales Order Initial Screen
Create Sales Order Initial Screen

Press Enter to create the sales order. Enter sales order credentials with the service material you created in the first step. Take note of the item category. This field is populated as a result of the sales document type and item category group combination. This particular combination is configured to produce the item category TAD – Service as shown below. This item category is not relevant for delivery, as we shall see in the next step.

Create Sales Order
Create Sales Order

Hit Save to post the sales order. The sales order will be saved with a confirmation message:

Advertisement

Attempt Delivery Creation

Since the sales order contains a service material which is intangible in nature and can be billed directly, let’s see what happens when we try to create a delivery document against this sales order. Execute transaction code VL01N to create the delivery. Enter the shipping point and the number of the sales order you just created.

Create Delivery Initial Screen
Create Delivery Initial Screen

Press Enter to proceed to delivery document creation. The system displays an error message that the sales order has no items relevant for delivery, as displayed below:

Not Relevant for Delivery Message
Not Relevant for Delivery Message

Executing Billing

Finally, billing can be executed for the sale of services. Execute transaction code VF01 to create the billing document. Enter the sales order number and press Enter to create the billing document.

Create Billing Document Initial Screen
Create Billing Document Initial Screen

The services and quantities from the sales order will be displayed.

Create Billing Document
Create Billing Document

Hit Save to post the billing document, print the output, and post the accounting document. The billing document is saved with a confirmation message:

Advertisement

Let’s look at the newly created billing and accounting documents. You can see the linkage between the sales order, billing document and accounting document as shown below:

Sales Document Flow
Sales Document Flow

Double click on the accounting document line to see the details of the financial posting. The billing has effectively debited the customer and credited sales revenues, as demonstrated below:

Accounting Document for Sale of Services
Accounting Document for Sale of Services 

Did you like this tutorial? Have any questions or comments? We would love to hear your feedback in the comments section below. It’d be a big help for us, and hopefully it’s something we can address for you in improvement of our free SAP SD tutorials.

Navigation Links

Advertisement

Go to next lesson: SAP Make to Order Process

Go to previous lesson: SAP Delivery Block Functionality

Go to overview of the course: SAP SD Training

Leave a Reply

Do you have a question and want it to be answered ASAP? Post it on our FORUM here --> SAP FORUM!

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *