The SAP PP Master Data is a unique set of data that can be used multiple times once created. These data objects are not subject to regular changes and build the data structure upon which the business transactions are done in SAP.
There are five main master data objects related to SAP PP:
- Bill of Material
- Work Center
- Production Version
- Production relevant views in the Material Master
Bill of Materials in SAP PP Master Data
SAP Bill of Materials consists of the components and the consumption of those components that are required to manufacture or assemble a product. The components can be further divided into:
- Semi-finished goods
- Raw materials
Semi-finished goods are considered intermediate components that are used to manufacture the finished goods. Semi-finished goods are mainly produced internally, or can be purchased from an external party. Raw materials are primarily the components that are procured externally. Both semi-finished goods and raw materials create the BOM structure. The BOM consists of header data and item data.
SAP work center is a meaningful arrangement of machines and people that can assemble or manufacture finished goods or semi-finished goods. The definition of a work center can be displayed in three dimensions:
Capacity defines the time available in the work center per day throughout the factory calendar. Scheduling defines how the order quantities will be scheduled across the available capacity. Costing defines the cost of running the work center. Each dimension shares parameters with each other, and these parameters are defined by the standard value key.
Standard values are planned values for the execution of an operation and are maintained in the operation. Typical standard values are, for instance, set-up and processing. The execution time, costs, and capacities are calculated in operations using formulas from the work centers and standard values from the operations.
Routing in SAP PP Master Data
SAP routing describes the process to manufacture a product (sub-assembly or finished goods). It is a sequence of activities that need to be followed. This includes the operations to be performed, their sequence, the work centers involved, and the standard time for setup and process.
Routings could contain the following operations:
- Internal production operations
- Subcontracting operations
- Administrative operations
- Rework operations
- Inspection operations
SAP production version determines the different production techniques that can be used to manufacture a material. A valid production version is mandatory in master data to create production orders in SAP S/4HANA.
A material may have several BOMs that determine the components used in its production. The production process can also be described in various routings. Data on the different methods or techniques used to produce the material is recorded in production versions that are assigned to the material.
Production Relevant Views in SAP Material Master
SAP Material Master record consists of all the material-related details which are important to all the core modules of SAP. Basic data views, MRP views, and the work scheduling view of the material master fall under the production planning domain. Basic data views are planted independently whereas the MRP views and work scheduling view are plant-dependent.
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